Complex powers of a system of pseudo-differential operators

Kantaro Hayakawa, Hitoshi Kumano-Go
1971 Proceedings of the Japan Academy  
0o Introduction. In this paper we shall give complex powers of a system of pseudo-differential operators which is not necessarily elliptic. Complex powers of an elliptic pseudo-differential operator were defined by Seeley [5]. He constructed complex powers of a pseudodifferential operator p(x, D) defined on a compact C-manifold without boundary. Here we shall construct symbols for complex powers only by local calculation which works even for operators defined locally. Recently Nagase-Shinkai
more » ... gave a concrete representation of complex powers of a pseudo-differential operator. They got the formula by using algebraic relation for the symbol of a pseudo-differential operator. But their method is not applicable to the case of systems, because they essentially used the commutativity of symbols. We shall adopt the method of the Dunford integral for the symbol of the parametrix for (p(x,D)-I). The relation between parametrices for (p(x, D)-I) and (p(x, D)--2I), called the quasi-resolvent equation, plays an important role in place of the resolvent equation.
doi:10.3792/pja/1195519968 fatcat:x6umtee5szg3lf6v4apvupu2ye