Self-Consolidation Mechanism Of Porous Ti-6Al-4V Implant Prototypes Produced By Electro-Discharge-Sintering Of Spherical Ti-6Al-4V Powders

W.H. Lee, Y.J. Jo, Y.H. Kim, Y.H. Jo, J.G. Seong, C.J. Van Tyne, S.Y. Chang
2015 Archives of Metallurgy and Materials  
Electro-Discharge-Sintering (EDS) was employed to fabricate Ti-6Al-4V porous implant prototypes from atomized powders (100 – 150 μm), that were subjected to discharges of 0.75 to 2.0 kJ/0.7g-powder from 150, 300, and 450 μF capacitors. Both fully porous and porous-surfaced Ti-6Al-4V compacts with various solid core sizes were self-consolidated in less than 86 – 155 μsec. It is known that EDS can simultaneously produce the pinch pressure to squeeze and deform powder particles and the heat to
more » ... them together. The formation of a solid core in these prototypes depends on the amounts of both the pinch pressure and heat generated during a discharge. The size of the solid core and the thickness of the porous layer can be successfully controlled by manipulating the discharge conditions such as input energy and capacitance.
doi:10.1515/amm-2015-0094 fatcat:5elpip7a5rg47mdh24o5xwjt7m