A NOTE BY THE LATE DR HORT ON THE WORDS
Journal of Theological Studies
THE distinction between KO^XVOS and orrupis in Matt, xiv 20 ; xv 37; xvi 9 f (and the parallel Mark vi 43; viii 8, 191) cannot be made out to depend on size. It would seem that either kind of basket might be of different sizes, if we may judge by the uses mentioned in classical writers. So also when Chrysostom (on Matt, xv 37), perplexed at the seeming incongruity of the number of baskets with the number of loaves in the two cases, suggests hesitatingly rj TMW TOVTO civovs tcaTaX.tlirovo'iv,
... aTaX.tlirovo'iv, OVTOI 8* &TT6 7rA«dvD) of Pharaoh's baker (Gen. xl 16 ff), of the priests' offering (Exod. xxix 3, 23, 32; Lev. viii 2, 26, 31), of the Nazirite's offering (Num. vi 15, 17, 19), and of Gideon (Judges vi 19) is in the LXX KOVOVV (canistrum), for which B alone substitutes KOIVOS in Judges, and Aquila in Gen. xl 16. The kindred ?pbp in Jer. vi 9, a grape-basket, is KopraAAos, cartallus : compare the anonymous fragment in Suidas (who defines xapraAAos as K6IVOS O£V? ra Kara)) 'Ap^as aXuivos futv xat krjvov irpcxriptj) XpumZ, KapraXXov 8< jioTpvv>v T<3 irapaicXiyrip. But (caproAAos likewise represents two other Hebrew words WO (Deut. xxvi 2, 4; but awodrjia) xxviii 5, 17), the Israelite's basket of firstfruits ' of all the fruit of the earth', and ""1. This remarkable offering of firstfruits was itself called KapraXoi (Philo in Tisch. Philonea 69, cf. de Somn. ii 41, who says that txcurros TU>V aypovs Ko.1 KTr/orctf i^ovTuiv a CKCUTTOV TWV ixpoSpwov «*8ov9 ayytta irA^puo-as, i irpao-ayopriovo't. KaprdXovs, airapyrfv T^s ct? TO Upbv Kofufai): but Mai names it, query on what grounds, 1 This note is supplied by Dr J. O. F. Hurray. Mr J. R. Darbyshire has kindly ven6ed the references.