Uterine transplantation and IVF for congenital or acquired uterine factor infertility: A systematic review of safety and efficacy outcomes in the first 52 recipients
Uterine transplantation (UTx) associated with IVF restores fertility in women affected by absolute uterine factor infertility (AUFI). Pregnancies achieved both in women undergoing any solid organ transplantation and following IVF are associated with an increased risk of maternal and neonatal complications. This systematic review evaluated this risk in UTx-IVF treated women focusing on the safety and efficacy features of the treatment. Twenty-two studies and three press releases reporting on 52
... es reporting on 52 UTx-IVF treatments were identified. Regarding the safety of treatment, 38/52 (73,1%) of surgical procedures led to the restoration of uterine function in recipients, 12/52 (23,1%) of recipients experienced post-operative complications requiring hysterectomy, and 2/52 (3,8%) of procedures failed before uterine recipients' surgery due to intra-operative complications. Regarding the efficacy of treatment, results focused on transplanted patients showing full recovery of organ functioning: 16/38 (42,1%) of patients achieved a pregnancy, including two women who gave births twice. UTx-IVF pregnancies led to 16 deliveries and all new-borns were healthy. Six out of 16 (37,5%) UTx pregnancies faced major complications during gestation. Preterm births occurred in 10/16 (62,5%) UTx deliveries. Our data indicates that the risk of gestational and delivery complications deserves important consideration in AUFI women receiving UTx-IVF treatments. However, these observations are preliminary and need to be revised after larger series of data are published.