A major phosphoprotein of the endoplasmic reticulum is protein disulfide isomerase

E Quéméneur, R Guthapfel, P Gueguen
1994 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
One of the effects of ATP in the endoplasmic reticulum is to induce the phosphorylation of several proteins among which a 57-kDa protein (pp57) prevails in our labeling conditions. We provide evidence that pp57 is protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), an abundant ubiquitous protein of the endoplasmic reticulum involved in various important cellular functions. This phosphorylation does not result from the activity of a microsomal protein kinase but from an autophosphorylation as described for other
more » ... described for other microsomal proteins such as chaperones. Phosphoamino acid analysis and cyanogen bromide cleavage indicate that the modification site lies on a threonine residue within the central region of the protein outside the thioredoxin-like domains. For the pure PDI, only the dimer is able to phosphorylate, while some experiments suggest that within the endoplasmic reticulum the phosphorylated form of PDI is mainly mobilized in larger size oligomers. Thus a possible role for this phosphorylation may be to modulate the association of PDI with its different partners.
pmid:8119877 fatcat:ef7ifko475gwnn7zdjldyl2pta