Germline genetic variation and breast cancer survival: prognostic and therapeutic implications
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common genetic variation in mammalian cells with prognostic potential. Anillin-actin binding protein (ANLN) has been identified as being involved in PI3K/PTEN signaling, which is critical in cell life/death control, and kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) encodes a key receptor mediating the cancer angiogenesis/metastasis switch. Knowledge of the intrinsic connections between PI3K/PTEN and KDR signaling, which represent two critical
... critical transitions in carcinogenesis, led the present study to investigate the effects of the potential synergy between ANLN and KDR on breast cancer outcome and identify relevant SNPs driving such a synergy at the genetic level. The survival associations of SNPs from KDR and ANLN were assessed through pairwise interaction survival analysis, quantitative trait loci analysis, pathway enrichment analysis and network construction, and the interactions between ANLN and KDR were validated in vitro. It was found that both rare homozygotes in the ANLN:rs12535394 and KDR:rs11133360 SNP pair are prognostic of favorable breast cancer survival and underpin the prominent roles of the immune response in cancer state control. This study contributes to breast cancer prognosis and therapeutic design by providing genetic evidence of interactions between ANLN and KDR, and suggesting the prominent role of the immune response in driving the synergies between the cancer cell life/death and angiogenesis/metastasis transitions during carcinogenesis.