Decentralized Synchronization for Wireless Sensor Networks [article]

Hauke Holtkamp
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Due to their heavy restrictions on the hardware side, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) require specially adapted synchronization protocols to maximize measurement precision and minimize computation efforts and energy costs. A promising approach is given by the 'Firefly Protocol'. Inspired by the behavior of fireflies it is intrinsically robust, specific to the wireless broadcast nature of WSNs and promises high precision. So far only theoretically evaluated, this thesis implements the 'Firefly
more » ... tocol' on a system of MICAz Berkeley motes using TinyOS 2.x. In order to implement the theoretical framework on actual hardware, several adaptations were made to compensate hardware delays. Although Berkeley motes have the advantage of being readily available and highly flexible, they bear many delay sources which have to be addressed. In small networks, the protocol was found to deliver precisions up to three microseconds over one hop.
arXiv:1304.0646v1 fatcat:4ouhudbkafe37etwtovztrjcye