Pose Estimation Utilizing a Gated Recurrent Unit Network for Visual Localization

Sungkwan Kim, Inhwan Kim, Luiz Felipe Vecchietti, Dongsoo Har
2020 Applied Sciences  
Lately, pose estimation based on learning-based Visual Odometry (VO) methods, where raw image data are provided as the input of a neural network to get 6 Degrees of Freedom (DoF) information, has been intensively investigated. Despite its recent advances, learning-based VO methods still perform worse than the classical VO that consists of feature-based VO methods and direct VO methods. In this paper, a new pose estimation method with the help of a Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) network trained by
more » ... etwork trained by pose data acquired by an accurate sensor is proposed. The historical trajectory data of the yaw angle are provided to the GRU network to get a yaw angle at the current timestep. The proposed method can be easily combined with other VO methods to enhance the overall performance via an ensemble of predicted results. Pose estimation using the proposed method is especially advantageous in the cornering section which often introduces an estimation error. The performance is improved by reconstructing the rotation matrix using a yaw angle that is the fusion of the yaw angles estimated from the proposed GRU network and other VO methods. The KITTI dataset is utilized to train the network. On average, regarding the KITTI sequences, performance is improved as much as 1.426% in terms of translation error and 0.805 deg/100 m in terms of rotation error.
doi:10.3390/app10248876 fatcat:kmj25gkwivgphk2sqmhgvpruoy