A Structural Perspective on the RNA Editing of Plant Respiratory Complexes

Maria Maldonado, Kaitlyn Madison Abe, James Anthony Letts
2022 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
The last steps of respiration, a core energy-harvesting process, are carried out by a chain of multi-subunit complexes in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Several essential subunits of the respiratory complexes are RNA-edited in plants, frequently leading to changes in the encoded amino acids. While the impact of RNA editing is clear at the sequence and phenotypic levels, the underlying biochemical explanations for these effects have remained obscure. Here, we used the structures of plant
more » ... ratory complex I, complex III2 and complex IV to analyze the impact of the amino acid changes of RNA editing in terms of their location and biochemical features. Through specific examples, we demonstrate how the structural information can explain the phenotypes of RNA-editing mutants. This work shows how the structural perspective can bridge the gap between sequence and phenotype and provides a framework for the continued analysis of RNA-editing mutants in plant mitochondria and, by extension, in chloroplasts.
doi:10.3390/ijms23020684 pmid:35054870 pmcid:PMC8775464 fatcat:r3boc3yeb5ca7hucpm6vazgj4u