NO-1886 upregulates ATP binding cassette transporter A1 and inhibits diet-induced atherosclerosis in Chinese Bama minipigs

Chi Zhang, Weidong Yin, Duanfang Liao, Liang Huang, Chaoke Tang, Kazuhiko Tsutsumi, Zongbao Wang, Yi Liu, Qinkai Li, Hongjie Hou, Manbo Cai, Junxia Xiao
2006 Journal of Lipid Research  
It is widely believed that high density lipoproteincholesterol (HDL-C) functions to transport cholesterol from peripheral cells to the liver by reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), a pathway that may protect against atherosclerosis by clearing excess cholesterol from arterial cells. A cellular ATP binding cassette transporter called ABCA1 mediates the first step of RCT. NO-1886 has been proven to be highly effective at increasing HDL-C and reducing atherosclerosis. However, the mechanism of
more » ... rosclerosis inhibition for NO-1886 is not fully understood. In this study, the effects of NO-1886 on ABCA1 were investigated in high-fat/highsucrose/high-cholesterol-fed Chinese Bama minipigs. Administration of NO-1886 (0.1 g/kg body weight/day) in the diet for 5 months significantly reduced atherosclerosis lesions and significantly increased plasma HDL-C and apolipoprotein A-I levels. The mRNA and protein levels of ABCA1 in the liver, retroperitoneal adipose tissue, and aorta were increased by NO-1886 as well. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the levels of LPL in plasma and the levels of ABCA1 in aorta were independently associated with the atherosclerotic lesion area. In addition, NO-1886 upregulated liver X receptor a and affected the expression of scavenger receptor class B type I in the liver. These results demonstrate that the mechanism of atherosclerosis inhibition for NO-1886 is associated with its effect on ABCA1. NO-1886 upregulates ATP binding cassette transporter A1 and inhibits diet-induced atherosclerosis in Chinese Bama minipigs.
doi:10.1194/jlr.m600226-jlr200 pmid:16807312 fatcat:ggj4jhzenjgsnniwowdacf3r34