Predictors of the development of post-snakebite compartment syndrome

Chih-Po Hsu, Jung-Fang Chuang, Yu-Pao Hsu, Shang-Yu Wang, Chih-Yuan Fu, Kuo-Ching Yuan, Chih-Hao Chen, Shih-Ching Kang, Chien-Hung Liao
2015 Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine  
To identify the factors associated with the development of post-snakebite compartment syndrome (PSCS) in snakebite patients and to analyze the clinical prognosis of these patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who presented to our institution with snakebites from March 2009 to December 2012. The clinical data, hospital course and outcome were all recorded. Results: A total of 136 patients were included in the present study. Nine patients developed PSCS
more » ... underwent fasciotomy. Relative to the non-PSCS group, the PSCS group demonstrated a significant increase in the white blood cell count (WBC, p = 0.006), segment form (Seg, p ≤ 0.001), aspartate aminotransferase level (AST, p = 0.002) and alanine aminotransferase level (ALT, p = 0.008). Elevated WBC count and AST level were identified as independent risk factors for PSCS (p = 0.028 and 0.037, respectively) in a multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Snakebite patients have a high likelihood of developing locoregional complications such as PSCS. Symptomatic snakebite patients should be observed for at least 48 h, and increased WBC counts and AST levels are risk factors for PSCS.
doi:10.1186/s13049-015-0179-y pmid:26561300 pmcid:PMC4642665 fatcat:c76kcvogvzdrbcyzzx4t7appma