Case Report: Asymptomatic Mediastinal Tumor: Role of Preventive Screening in Early Detection and Survival Forecast

Zeynapur Aida Ali-Agaevna, Drapkina Oxana Mikhailovna, Shutov Sergei Alexandrovich, Kovrigina Alla Mikhailovna
2020 American Journal of Health Research  
The main presentation is to use the opportunities and advantages of the annual dispensary examination. Screening of the population allows early detection of the disease associated with reduced working capacity, disability and high mortality among the adult population. Later diagnosis at the stage of advanced manifestations or complications worsens the prognosis and survival. Currently, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), diseases of the cardiovascular system, cancer and diabetes
more » ... ncer and diabetes mellitus, along with infectious diseases, contribute to the main morbidity and mortality worldwide. The preventive medicine strategy allows, on the one hand, to have a positive effect on the health of the population and overall life expectancy, on the other hand, to significantly reduce the financial burden on the entire health care system. At the same time, tumor lesions of mediastinum are mostly asymptomatic until they spread beyond the capsule and grow into neighboring vital organs -the heart, aorta, pulmonary arteries, lungs and esophagus. In this clinical case report, the use of the method of regular annual preventive examinations (complete blood count, urine, electrocardiography, chest X-ray, etc.) in this clinical case made it possible to identify tumor lesions of the anterior mediastinum at the stage of preclinical or early clinical manifestations leading to disability and mortality. As a result of the timely provision of medical care based on the latest recommendations of the national specialized communities, the total removal of the tumor formation made it possible not only to improve the prognosis, but also to achieve complete recovery.
doi:10.11648/j.ajhr.20200805.11 fatcat:y34acopi4fcbfajetquzs6y4uy