The impact of tourism on subjective quality of life among Hungarian population

Gábor Michalkó, Kornélia Kiss, -Balázs Kovács, Sulyok
2009 Hungarian Geographical Bulletin   unpublished
Nowadays the clarifi cation of the issues concerning subjective quality of life (QoL) enjoys a priority both in the dialogue between academic workshops and in political quarters responsible for the general state of society. The researchers-let them be the representatives of philosophy, psychology, sociology, geography or economics-are keen on fi nding the paths towards the sources of happiness, the ways to achieve subjective well-being, whilst the politicians are eager to trace what could be
more » ... ce what could be done in this sense by the power. There has been a wealth of literature on the relationship between the achievement of overall life satisfaction and sustainability of political power, notwithstanding only minor emphasis was put on the travelling behaviour of population as a factor of QoL and, consequently, of happiness. The governments of bourgeois democracies tend to cherish the sources of happiness stemming from leisure time spending-driven not so much by the desire to extend their power in time, rather prompted by moral responsibility for the well-being of society. Writings on the ways how policies might promote leisure time spending with travelling are many, but it is hardly known how these eff orts have been able to infl uence subjective QoL. In Hungary, the National Tourism Development Strategy (2005-2013) att ributes paramount importance to travelling of Hungarian population as one of the means to increase QoL-an eff ort unique even in international comparison. To att ain the objectives formulated in this document, and in order to yield a profi t for the society, the Tourism Unit of Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development (now Ministry of Local Government), together with the Hungarian National Tourist Offi ce and Geographical Research Institute Hungarian Academy of Sciences had requested the Hungarian Central Statistical Offi ce to perform a survey on the happiness markers related to travelling behaviour of the country's population. This survey by questionnaires conducted in 11,500 households in the year 2007 has surfaced relationships between tourism and QoL hardly acknowledged heretofore. Putt ing the results of the survey considered representative with reference to the adult (18+) population of Hungary in the context of Hungarian and international literature, the present study provides an assessment of the tables of the data referring to the diff erent variables. A special emphasis is addressed to the general linkage between travels and overall life satisfaction and to the components of happiness off ered by travelling.