EPIDEMIC CEREBROSPINAL MENINGITIS AS OBSERVED AT GENERAL HOSPITAL NO. 6, FORT McPHERSON, GA., WINTER OF 1917 AND 1918

C. N. B. CAMAC
1919 Archives of Internal Medicine  
period of seven months. Ten patients were treated and the diagnosis was confirmed in every case by the presence of the meningococcus in the spinal fluid. Methods Employed in Care of Meningitis Cases. \p=m-\Meningitis patients were isolated in single rooms. Clothing, bed clothes, dishes, bedpans and urinals were sterilized. Throat cultures were taken from convalescent patients every four days until three negative cultures were obtained, and from physicians, nurses and attendants, every four days
more » ... ts, every four days during their contact with patients. If a positive culture was obtained in a patient he was treated with a spray of dichloramin-T in chlorcosane. Physicians, nurses and attendants received this spray routinely every four hours. Prophylactic Measures. \p=m-\The following prophylactic measures were employed immediately on the diagnosis of meningitis being made: All contacts were isolated until negative throat cultures were reported. Any person having a positive culture was immediately isolated until three negative cultures, four days apart, were obtained. The throat was sprayed several times a day with dichloramin-T in chlorcosane. For the six hours preceding a throat culture the spray was not used. Case 5 of this series illustrates the way in which contacts were followed up. The patient belonged to a hospital unit stationed at Fort McPherson. The entire unit of twelve officers and fifty men were immediately quarantined in their barracks and throat cultures taken. One officer, having left in the interval, was located and ordered to report to the department laboratory of the city in which he was ;
doi:10.1001/archinte.1919.00090180022002 fatcat:ech5fviapffmzdvenqi4fwchh4