Relative node position discovery in wireless sensor networks [article]

Mustafa Onur Ergin, Adam Wolisz, Technische Universität Berlin, Technische Universität Berlin
Internet of Things (IoT) systems, including Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), are getting integrated into virtually all aspects of life faster than before. These systems are used from agricultural monitoring and actuation to manufacturing plants. Such wireless networks play a critical role in home and health applications as well as security and asset tracking. The knowledge of physical position of the nodes is important for many applications of WSNs, but this information is often not readily
more » ... ten not readily available. In the past, a plethora of different solutions has been proposed that focus on recovering the positions of the sensor nodes, often at the cost of high complexity, preconfiguration, training or limited accuracy. The precision and computational complexity of such "positioning" algorithms is still a big issue. However, there are cases where the objects are placed in one of a few possible predetermined positions, especially indoors. In those cases, the set of potential locations of the objects is limited and computing the relative positions of those objects in relation to each other might be sufficient to determine their real positions and a precise location in the x,y,z coordinates is not necessary. This thesis focuses on determining the relative positions of nodes in a WSN by utilizing only readily available Received Signal Strength (RSS) information that is provided by the radio chips they are equipped with. Contrary to common belief, the "closeness" information can be extracted with high confidence among one sender and multiple receiver nodes. An RSS sampling technique for extracting closeness information is introduced as the initial step of position discovery. This technique utilizes the frequency diversity features of the radio modules. Combining the frequency diversity with statistical reasoning allowed us to demonstrate how RSS information can be used for detecting closer nodes to a transmitting node with high confidence, where this information cannot be extracted by connectivity information. The [...]
doi:10.14279/depositonce-6625 fatcat:g7olru5bvvhadhbhcxf2osjzoy