Evaluation of Pre-hospital Emergency Services, Non-Surgical Interventions, and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Traumatic Spine

Sasan Andalib, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Alia Saberi, Maryam Kakovan, Leila Kouchakinejad-Eramsadati, Sara Sayad-Fathi, Hadiseh Shokatjalil, Samaneh Ghorbani-Shirkouhi
2019 Iranian Journal of Neurosurgery  
and Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the pre-hospital emergency services, non-surgical interventions, and clinical outcomes in patients with traumatic spine referred to Poursina hospital in Guilan. Methods and Materials/Patients : Spine trauma registry of Poursina hospital of Rasht were used. Records of patients with traumatic spine were reviewed for pre-hospital emergency services, nonsurgical interventions, and clinical outcomes during 2015 to 2019. Results: 197 patients with
more » ... ients with traumatic spine were reviewed. 80.2% of the patients were transferred by ambulance. Pre-hospital fixation was performed in 59.4% of the patients (n=117). Pre-hospital intubation was required in 1% of patients (n=2). 4.6% of the patients had Glasgow Comma Scale (GCS) <9; 3% of them (n=6) had 9< GCS<12; and 92.4% had GCS≥13. 11.7% of the patients experienced SCI. 6.1%, 1%, 3%, 0.5%, and 1% of the patients suffered from paraplegia, paraparesis, quadriplegia, quadriparesis, hemiparesis, respectively. Surgery was performed in 89.8% of the patients. Traction was performed for 3.6% of the patients. Good recovery, moderate disabilities, severe disabilities, persistent vegetative state, and death were found in 85.8%, 2%, 5.1%, 1.5%, and 2.5% of the patients, respectively, according to Glasgow Outcome Scale. Conclusion: Most of the patients were transferred to the hospital by ambulance. Pre-hospital fixation was required in more than half of the patients. Most of the patients showed GCS≥13 and a good recovery outcome, according to GCS.
doi:10.32598/irjns.5.1.31 fatcat:zqksi7dlgjgq5lt3sdfapa6etm