Few-shot Action Recognition with Implicit Temporal Alignment and Pair Similarity Optimization [article]

Congqi Cao, Yajuan Li, Qinyi Lv, Peng Wang, Yanning Zhang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Few-shot learning aims to recognize instances from novel classes with few labeled samples, which has great value in research and application. Although there has been a lot of work in this area recently, most of the existing work is based on image classification tasks. Video-based few-shot action recognition has not been explored well and remains challenging: 1) the differences of implementation details among different papers make a fair comparison difficult; 2) the wide variations and
more » ... nt of temporal sequences make the video-level similarity comparison difficult; 3) the scarcity of labeled data makes the optimization difficult. To solve these problems, this paper presents 1) a specific setting to evaluate the performance of few-shot action recognition algorithms; 2) an implicit sequence-alignment algorithm for better video-level similarity comparison; 3) an advanced loss for few-shot learning to optimize pair similarity with limited data. Specifically, we propose a novel few-shot action recognition framework that uses long short-term memory following 3D convolutional layers for sequence modeling and alignment. Circle loss is introduced to maximize the within-class similarity and minimize the between-class similarity flexibly towards a more definite convergence target. Instead of using random or ambiguous experimental settings, we set a concrete criterion analogous to the standard image-based few-shot learning setting for few-shot action recognition evaluation. Extensive experiments on two datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed method.
arXiv:2010.06215v1 fatcat:hhchjwegsjfkxnpv4xoykxy5vu