Optoelectronic Devices [chapter]

2011 Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices  
Subwavelength High-Contrast Grating (HCG) and its Applications in Optoelectronic Devices Optical grating is a research topic with a long history. It has been extensively studied over the years due to its various applications in holography, spectroscopy, lasers, and many other optoelectronic devices. In this dissertation, we present a novel single-layer subwavelength high-index-contrast grating (HCG) which opens a new era in the study of grating. HCGs can serve as surface normal broadband (∆λ/λ
more » ... 35%), high-reflectivity (>99%) mirrors, which can be used to replace conventional distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) in optical devices. Different designs of HCGs can also serve as narrow band, surface emitting, high-quality (Q) factor optical resonators or shallow angle reflectors. In this dissertation, we will review the recent advances in high-index-contrast grating and its applications in optoelectronic devices, including vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs), high-Q optical resonators, and hollow-core waveguides. We first present a novel HCG-based VCSEL where the conventional DBR mirror is replaced with a HCG-based mirror. A systematic and comprehensive review of the experimental and numerical simulation results is presented to demonstrate many desirable for all of their helpful discussions and collaborative work. I am also grateful to other current and former members of the Prof. Chang-Hasnain Optoelectronics group for their help and friendship: Chih-
doi:10.1002/9781118148419.ch7 fatcat:uyiwvtgloffkhb6s74snvyq5xa