Topological Phonon Modes in a Two-Dimensional Wigner Crystal

Wen-Cheng Ji, Jun-Ren Shi
2017 Chinese Physics Letters  
We investigate the spin-orbit coupling effect in a two-dimensional Wigner crystal. We show that sufficiently strong spin-orbit coupling and an appropriate sign of g-factor could transform the Wigner crystal to a topological phonon system. We demonstrate the existence of chiral phonon edge modes in finite size samples, as well as the robustness of the modes in the topological phase. We explore the possibility of realizing the topological phonon system in two-dimensional Wigner crystals confined
more » ... n semiconductor quantum wells/heterostructure. We find that the spin-orbit coupling is too weak for driving a topological phase transition in these systems. We argue that one may look for the topological phonon system in correlated Wigner crystals with emergent effective spin-orbit coupling.
doi:10.1088/0256-307x/34/3/036301 fatcat:pbfhzyhpmvh7dotx2hyi4zgbk4