Guest Editorial Special Issue on Intent-Based Networking for 5G-Envisioned Internet of Connected Vehicles

Sahil Garg, Mohsen Guizani, Ying-Chang Liang, Fabrizio Granelli, Neeli Prasad, Ranga Rao Venkatesha Prasad
2021 IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print)  
W ITH the recent advances in wireless communications, the automotive industry is leading to evolution. To succeed in this emerging era of technology, the Internet of Connected Vehicles (IoCV) has emerged as one of the potential applications of the Internet of Things (IoT). It refers to the dynamic mobile communication systems that communicate between vehicles and public networks to enhance the connectivity between cars via technology. By offering a wide variety of infotainment services, fleet
more » ... erations, and invehicle applications, IoCV has gained the tremendous capacity to provide a safer and sustainable transportation system to the society. According to Gartner Inc., "the connected car is already a reality, and in-vehicle wireless connectivity is expanding rapidly." As a result, the evolution of cars into the IoT will keep on accelerating the global market which is expected to grow by 270% by 2022. Furthermore, the increasing deployment of sensors and ever-evolving cognitive technology opens up new opportunities for IoCV. Due to these significant developments, connected vehicles are receiving widespread attention from the major automotive giants such as Tesla, BMW, Waymo (Google), Uber, Volvo, and so on. Despite all the opportunities offered by the IoCV, their highly dynamic topology and the increasing number of vehicles pose challenges regarding delivering low-latency vehicle-toeverything (V2X) communications. The fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks emerge as a critical provider to handle the stringent connectivity requirements of IoCV. Moreover, with the development of massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO), non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), terahertz (THz) frequencies, millimeterwave (mmWave), and heterogeneous networks (HetNets), 5G intends to guarantee new capabilities related to connectivity, data rates, transmission delay, throughput and moreover quality of experience (QoE). Thus, integrating 5G cellular systems into IoCV is a promising technology to achieve the goals mentioned above. However, as we are moving towards the 5G communication era, the data generated by connected vehicles are expected to grow exponentially; which in turn brings significant challenges to 5G. Therefore, to promote productivity, improve efficiency, and ensure the efficient handling of continuous growing data, it requires the support of high computing paradigm that can process the data with minimum delays. To accomplish these objectives, a programmable and scalable network paradigm is the need of the hour that
doi:10.1109/tits.2021.3101259 fatcat:gwasd62i7jdkfn4vjkvtenqejm