Age Distribution Population of Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) Camps in Gombi LGA of Adamawa State, Nigeria

Joshua Yohanna Gwanshak
2019 The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies  
The increase of instances of forced displacement is a global trend (Akeju, 2016). What then is IDP? Persons or groups of persons who have been forced, obliged to flee, to leave their homes or places of habitual residence; in particular, as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border. (United Nations Office for
more » ... e Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs[UN OCHA], 2004)"Internal displacement is one of the greatest tragedies of our time and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are among the most vulnerable of the human family" (United Nations [UN] Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs [OCHA], 2004). This is because the intensity of internal displacement, arising from different factors, which include violent conflicts, man-made and natural disasters, has become a global problem. In fact, in the past few years, reports of internaldis placement have increased around the world, bringingaboutachangefromlarge-scalerefugeeflowstoamplifiedinternaldisplacement. According to a 2014 estimate of the Geneva based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), there are approximately 33.3 million displaced persons (excluding development-induced displacement) across the world, half of which are found in Africa. This suggests that about 15 million people are internally displaced in Africa, and, 9 of the 24 countries with the highest rate of displacement are African (Crisp 2012). In other words, Africa is the continent with the largest number of IDPs in the world. Also, recent studies have shown that sub-Sahara African countries are the richest in the distribution chart, hosting 10.4 million IDPs, with an increase of 7.5% between 2013 and 2014 (Ejiofor et al., 2017). There were 12.5 million IDPs in sub-Saharan Africa as of the end of 2013, which is over one-third of the world's total. Of this figure, Nigeria, accounting for about 3,300,000 IDPs as of March 2014, tops the list of the three countries with the largest population of IDPs in Africa, followed by Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan, respectively ( IDMC), while Cameroon records about 38, 215 IDPs. Nigeria has grappled with internal displacement and forced migration mostly due to conflict triggered by ethno-religious communal disputes, a civil war in 1967, and other man-made and natural disasters. Since 2013, the country has experienced an unprecedented amount of internal displacement due to the insurgency in the northeast. The country is currently placed as one of the top ten countries with the highest number of internally displaced persons due to conflictmore than in any other African country; ranking fifth with an estimated over 700,000 in 2015 alone (IDMC Africa Report, 2016). Adamawa state is one the north-eastern states in Nigeria second-hardest hit with the insurgency after Borno State in the recent times, a large number of persons were displaced and were camped at various locations in the state. A total of1,934,765 displaced persons, IDPs, are currently living in formal camps, host communities and satellite camps in
doi:10.24940/theijhss/2019/v7/i6/hs1906-048 fatcat:kxq7gwkl4bchfmxk4yrh2pev74