The Effects of Physical Effort using Props on 3-year-old Children's Ability in relation to their Creative Physical Expression and Development of a Physical Self-concept
소도구를 활용한 신체활동이 만 3세 유아의 창의적 신체표현 능력과 신체적 자아개념 발달에 미치는 영향

So-Ra Oh, Hyun-Ah Seo, Seon-Hye Ha
2013 Adonghakoeji  
This study proposes to find out what effects physical effort using props has on infants' ability in relation to their creative physical expression and physical self-concept. This study targets three-year-old preschoolers who attend S and T nursery, located in Yeonje, Busan, of which 16 belong to an experimental group. The research tools used in the study are the creative physical expression test by Kim Eun-Shim(1994), which is the modified version of Bae Hyun-Suck's testing tool (1990), and an
more » ... ool (1990), and an altered version of the questionnaire focusing on physical self-concept by Whang Sun-Gack(2001). The experimental group is divided into a large and small sub-group and then physical activities involving props are done by these divided experimental groups once or twice a week for 12 weeks, while outdoor activities are carried out with the comparison group once or twice a week for 12 weeks. For both groups, a total of 20 experiments are done. To obtain answers to the research questions, an individual version of the T-test is conducted using means and Korean  -54 -standard variations of the experimental and comparison groups. The results of this study are as follows:1) the physical efforts of the experimental group using props reaped more positive effects as regards creative physical expression than the comparison group, 2) the positive effect on the participants' physical self-concept is also more evident in the case of the experimental group.
doi:10.5723/kjcs.2013.34.1.53 fatcat:4zvwnxtksfcshjrfybemylb3xe