Average Volume of Alcohol Consumption, Drinking Patterns and Related Burden of Mortality in Young People in Established Market Economies of Europe

Jürgen Rehm, Gerhard Gmel, Robin Room, Ulrich Frick
2001 European Addiction Research  
Objective: To determine the burden of mortality in young people (age 15-29) in established market economies in Europe in 1999, which is attributable to alcohol consumption. Two dimensions of alcohol consumption were considered: average volume of consumption, and patterns of drinking. Methods: Mortality data were obtained from the WHO EIP data bank, average volume data from the WHO global databank on alcohol, pattern of drinking data from a questionnaire sent out to experts, from the published
more » ... terature and from the WHO global databank. Methods are explained and discussed in detail in two other contributions to this volume. Results: More than 8,000 deaths of people aged 15-29 in Europe in 1999 were attributable to alcohol. Young males show a higher proportion of alcohol-attributable deaths (12.8%) than females (8.3%). Both average volume and patterns of drinking contribute to alcohol-related death. Conclusions: Alcohol-related deaths constitute a considerable burden in young people in Europe.
doi:10.1159/000050732 pmid:11509845 fatcat:5us46q3rtjb3rkrm2jcugw77xm