Pólya's Permanent Problem

William McCuaig
2004 Electronic Journal of Combinatorics  
A square real matrix is sign-nonsingular if it is forced to be nonsingular by its pattern of zero, negative, and positive entries. We give structural characterizations of sign-nonsingular matrices, digraphs with no even length dicycles, and square nonnegative real matrices whose permanent and determinant are equal. The structural characterizations, which are topological in nature, imply polynomial algorithms.
doi:10.37236/1832 fatcat:uaqeso227fapvd6cnrvlcwnmhy