Livestock Husbandry and Economic-Sustainability of Small Farmers in Peri-Urban Areas: A Case Study from West Gojjam Region, Ethiopia

M Ali, M Neka
2012 Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management  
The study attempts livestock husbandry and sustainability of small farmers in West Gojjam region, Ethiopia where a large number of livestock are reared due to the favorable climatic conditions. The mainstay of the population (those with holding of less than 3 ha) practices mixed crop-livestock farming. It discovers issues of the economic and gender profiles of livestock rearers and their engagement in different operations of livestock husbandry for economic sustainability. Systematic random
more » ... stematic random sampling was applied technique to select 240 households from four micro geographical areas (kebeles) of peri-urban region on the basis of purposive sampling at the distance of 10, 20, 30, 40 km from central business district. The findings describe 51.6% contribution of females in livestock husbandry for barn and cleaning while men performed 71.5% marketing activities. More than 87% agricultural operations were done by men using livestock. The Animal husbandry contributes 60-70% income among the 51.25% households of small farmers. The growing of income by livestock per year was 6.1% during 2001-2011. However, ranching of goats and sheep was remarkable for high value added role (11%) during 2001-11. The study presents recommendations for efficient marketing system, well equipped transportation facilities to improve social-economic sustainability of small farmers.
doi:10.4314/ejesm.v5i2.13 fatcat:k2ugna6rafgjrowfnlp4qketle