A unique hormonal recognition feature of the human glucagon-like peptide-2 receptor

Wen Sun, Li-Nan Chen, Qingtong Zhou, Li-Hua Zhao, Dehua Yang, Huibing Zhang, Zhaotong Cong, Dan-Dan Shen, Fenghui Zhao, Fulai Zhou, Xiaoqing Cai, Yan Chen (+9 others)
2020 Cell Research  
AbstractGlucagon-like peptides (GLP-1 and GLP-2) are two proglucagon-derived intestinal hormones that mediate distinct physiological functions through two related receptors (GLP-1R and GLP-2R) which are important drug targets for metabolic disorders and Crohn's disease, respectively. Despite great progress in GLP-1R structure determination, our understanding on the differences of peptide binding and signal transduction between these two receptors remains elusive. Here we report the electron
more » ... rt the electron microscopy structure of the human GLP-2R in complex with GLP-2 and a Gs heterotrimer. To accommodate GLP-2 rather than GLP-1, GLP-2R fine-tunes the conformations of the extracellular parts of transmembrane helices (TMs) 1, 5, 7 and extracellular loop 1 (ECL1). In contrast to GLP-1, the N-terminal histidine of GLP-2 penetrates into the receptor core with a unique orientation. The middle region of GLP-2 engages with TM1 and TM7 more extensively than with ECL2, and the GLP-2 C-terminus closely attaches to ECL1, which is the most protruded among 9 class B G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Functional studies revealed that the above three segments of GLP-2 are essential for GLP-2 recognition and receptor activation, especially the middle region. These results provide new insights into the molecular basis of ligand specificity in class B GPCRs and may facilitate the development of more specific therapeutics.
doi:10.1038/s41422-020-00442-0 pmid:33239759 fatcat:ynri7xsvbvgjffq5i4tv5uwmcu