Tabel Hidup Nyamuk Vektor Filariasis Limfatik Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) di Laboratorium

Tri Ramadhani, Vina Yuliani, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Susi Soviana, Zubaidah Irawati
2019 Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia  
Latar belakang: Kelangsungan hidup nyamuk merupakan aspek yang penting dalam penularan penyakit tular vektor. Culex quinquefasciatus merupakan vektor filariasis limfatik yang disebabkan oleh wuchereria bancrofti. Pengetahuan kehidupan nyamuk berperan penting dalam keberhasilan program pengendalian vektor. Tujuan penelitian ini mendiskripsikan tabel hidup nyamuk Cx. quinquefasciatus di laboratorium.Metode: Penelitian diawali dengan koleksi larva Cx. quinquefasciatus di Kota Pekalongan, kemudian
more » ... kalongan, kemudian diidentifikasi dan kolonisasi dalam kondisi laboratorium. Parameter yang diukur meliputi masa inkubasi, ekslosi, eksdisis, ketahanan hidup, laju reproduksi, waktu generasi dan laju pertumbuhan intrinsik. Hasil: Cx. quinquefasciatus mempunyai siklus hidup 12.5 hari. Umur telur, larva, dan pupa masing-masing adalah 2.07; 10.2; dan 2.25 hari. Nyamuk jantan mempunyai ketahanan hidup yang lebih pendek dibandingkan betina. Laju reproduksi bersih (Ro) sebesar 196.75, laju pertumbuhan intrinsik 0.35 dan waktu generasi (T) 14.91 hari.Simpulan: Pertumbuhan populasi Cx. quinquefasciatus dapat diatur dan dikendalikan oleh kelulusan hidup dan mortalitas. ABSTRACTTitle: The Live Table of Vector Lymphatic Filariasis Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the LaboratoryBackground: The survival of a mosquito is an important aspect in the transmission of vector borne disease. Culex quinquefasciatus, which is a vector of lymphatic filariasis caused by wuchereria bancrofti. The knowledge of mosquito life is important in providing the foundation for the success of the vector control program. The research aim to describe the life table Cx. quinquefasciatus in the laboratoryMethods:. This study was originated from the collecting larve of Cx. quinquefasciatus from Pekalongan City, which were then identified and colonized under laboratory conditions. Parameters measured include the incubation period, ekslosi, eksdisis, survival rate, reproduction rate, and generation time.Results:The results showed that Cx. quinquefasciatus has a 12.5 day life cycle. Egg, larva, and pupa respectively were 2.07; 10.2; and 2.25 days. The males have a shorter survival period compared to the females. The net reproductive rate (Ro) was 196.75; the intrinsic growth rate (rm) was 0.35 and the average generation time (T) was 14.91 days.Conclusion : The population growth of Culex quinquefasciatus can be regulated and controlled by life graduation and mortality
doi:10.14710/jkli.18.2.73-80 fatcat:r3wl2otrxvhjjdthtrjanwzz2u