The unique namib desert-coastal region and its opportunities for climate smart agriculture: A review

Mupambwa Hupenyu Allan, Hausiku Martha Kasiku, Nciizah Adornis Dakarai, Dube Ernest, Manuel Tejada Moral
2019 Cogent Food & Agriculture  
Namibia is the driest country in sub-Saharan Africa, with surface water being only available for very limited periods during the year. This has seen the country importing up to 70% of its food requirements which exacerbates the food security challenge in the face of climate change. This review looks at the Namib Desert, and how its unique environment can be exploited for agricultural production. The cool but sunny desert makes it possible to produce crops under controlled environments with
more » ... ironments with limited evapotranspiration. However, the high cost of inorganic hydroponic fertilizers makes adoption of hydroponics by smallholder subsistence farmers a great challenge thus the potential of hydroponics fertilized by organic nutrient sources like vermicomposts is discussed; highlighting research gaps. This review also highlights the potential of utilizing fog water for irrigation, a resource that is abundant in the Namib Desert, which can be crucial in desert greening. Though mushroom production is an established technology, the potential of using seaweeds from the highly productive Atlantic Ocean as mushroom substrate
doi:10.1080/23311932.2019.1645258 fatcat:6txfqxnhxrd4dihkiabcfzw7le