COVID-19 in West Africa: regional resource mobilisation and allocation in the first year of the pandemic

Césaire Ahanhanzo, Ermel Ameswue Kpogbe Johnson, Ejemai Amaize Eboreime, Sombié Issiaka, Ben Idrissa Traoré, Clétus C Y Adohinzin, Tosin Adesina, Ely Noel Diallo, Nanlop Obgureke, Stanley Okolo
2021 BMJ Global Health  
The world continues to battle the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Whereas many countries are currently experiencing the second wave of the outbreak; Africa, despite being the last continent to be affected by the virus, has not experienced as much devastation as other continents. For example, West Africa, with a population of 367 million people, had confirmed 412 178 cases of COVID-19 with 5363 deaths as of 14 March 2021; compared with the USA which had recorded almost 30 million cases and 530 000
more » ... ases and 530 000 deaths, despite having a slightly smaller population (328 million). Several postulations have been made in an attempt to explain this phenomenon. One hypothesis is that African countries have leveraged on experiences from past epidemics to build resilience and response strategies which may be contributing to protecting the continent's health systems from being overwhelmed. This practice paper from the West African Health Organization presents experience and data from the field on how countries in the region mobilised support to address the pandemic in the first year, leveraging on systems, infrastructure, capacities developed and experiences from the 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak.
doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2020-004762 pmid:33947707 fatcat:27mhxxglfveuzjvkav4nmjq6c4