The Impact of Protestant Spirituality in Catherinian Russia: The Works of St. Tikhon of Zadonsk

Andrey Ivanov
2017 Вивлioѳика: E-Journal of Eighteenth-Century Russian Studies   unpublished
This article examines the impact of Protestant-particularly Pietist-spirituality on the works of St. Tikhon (1724-1783), the bishop of Voronezh and Zadonsk. Hailed as the paragon of Russia's authentic spirituality (by nineteenth-century philosophers and church officials), St. Tikhon wrote deeply devotional literature for lay and clerical audiences alike. Although his writings arguably catalyzed the monastic revival in late eighteenth-century Russian Orthodoxy, they were deeply influenced by
more » ... y influenced by Protestant authors. Tikhon's works borrowed heavily from the writings of Johann Arndt (1555-1621), an inspirer of German Pietism, in theology, style and content, and to a much lesser extent from the writings of the Anglican bishop Joseph Hall (1574-1656). Even though this article is not the first to mention such influence on St. Tikhon of Zadonsk, it documents-to the fullest extent available in the literature-the scope and depth of textual, thematic, stylistic and theological appropriation of Johann Arndt in Catherinian Russia, in the particular case of the bishop of Voronezh.