Avoidance achievement motivation: A personal goals analysis

Andrew J. Elliot, Kennon M. Sheldon
1997 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
The present research investigated one antecedent and various consequences of pursuing avoidance personal achievement goals over the course of a semester. The authors assessed participants' achievement-relevant goals using the newly devised Achievement Goals Questionnaire. The motive to avoid failure, assessed with self-report and projective measures, was established as an antecedent of avoidance goal pursuit. Avoidance regulation was shown to have deleterious consequences for a host of
more » ... a host of achievement-relevant and general well-being outcomes at the end of the semester, including longitudinal change in subjective well-being. Perceived competence was validated as a mediator of the direct relationships observed. The results highlight the need to attend to avoidance, as well as approach, forms of self-regulation and the need to consider both motive disposition and goal constructs in accounting for competence-relevant behavior.
doi:10.1037//0022-3514.73.1.171 pmid:9216083 fatcat:7inysxy4obd7zejsikwvxamm4a