Temperament and performance of Nellore bulls classified for residual feed intake in a feedlot system

TIAGO P. GUIMARÃES, JOÃO RESTLE, KÍRIA KAROLLINE G. MOREIRA, MARCONDES D. DE FREITAS NETO, LEONARDO FREDERICO N. SOUZA, ÉMERSON G. MORAES, JULIANO JOSÉ R. FERNANDES
2020 Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências  
This study aimed to evaluate the performance in feedlot and temperament of Nellore bulls classified by residual feed intake. The residual feed intake was calculated as the difference between the observed and predicted dry matter intake. Bulls classified as low residual feed intake had lower dry matter intake (kg day-1) and dry matter intake (g kg-1 d-1) of body weight, and were more efficient in feed conversion ratio than those classified as medium and high. The average daily gain didn't differ
more » ... gain didn't differ among residual feed intake classes and was 1.69 kg day-1, 1.82 kg day-1 and 1.71 kg day-1 for bulls classified as low, medium, or high, respectively. The residual feed intake was positively associated with dry matter intake, feed conversion ratio and subcutaneous fat thickness. The subcutaneous fat thickness was lower in bulls classified as low residual feed intake than in those with medium and high. No differences were observed in flight speed and reactivity score among residual feed intake classes. Overall, we concluded that bulls classified as low residual feed intake consumed less dry matter than high, with no differences in average daily gain, temperamentand had better feed efficiency, albeit their subcutaneous fat thickness was lower.
doi:10.1590/0001-3765202020190222 pmid:32935736 fatcat:zoxmglfgw5f3hlbqnlmhw5kc3i