High-Throughput Screening for CEBPD-Modulating Compounds in THP-1-Derived Reporter Macrophages Identifies Anti-Inflammatory HDAC and BET Inhibitors

Tatjana Ullmann, Sonja Luckhardt, Markus Wolf, Michael J. Parnham, Eduard Resch
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
This study aimed to identify alternative anti-inflammatory compounds that modulate the activity of a relevant transcription factor, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta (C/EBPδ). C/EBPδ is a master regulator of inflammatory responses in macrophages (Mϕ) and is mainly regulated at the level of CEBPD gene transcription initiation. To screen for CEBPD-modulating compounds, we generated a THP-1-derived reporter cell line stably expressing secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) under control of the
more » ... r control of the defined CEBPD promoter (CEBPD::SEAP). A high-throughput screening of LOPAC®1280 and ENZO®774 libraries on LPS- and IFN-γ-activated THP-1 reporter Mϕ identified four epigenetically active hits: two bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) inhibitors, I-BET151 and Ro 11-1464, as well as two histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, SAHA and TSA. All four hits markedly and reproducibly upregulated SEAP secretion and CEBPD::SEAP mRNA expression, confirming screening assay reliability. Whereas BET inhibitors also upregulated the mRNA expression of the endogenous CEBPD, HDAC inhibitors completely abolished it. All hits displayed anti-inflammatory activity through the suppression of IL-6 and CCL2 gene expression. However, I-BET151 and HDAC inhibitors simultaneously upregulated the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory IL-1ß. The modulation of CEBPD gene expression shown in this study contributes to our understanding of inflammatory responses in Mϕ and may offer an approach to therapy for inflammation-driven disorders.
doi:10.3390/ijms22063022 pmid:33809617 fatcat:wzavvvj7rbgjrkvetgf7ndfuem