Comparison of Oral Manifestation Frequency in Diabetic Patients and Nondiabetic Persons

Setareh Shojaei, Javad Fardmal, Fahimeh Baghaei, Samira Basir Shabestari, Ali Nourbakhsh, Associate Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Associate Professor, Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center & Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Associate Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, 4Assisstant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, General Dentist, Hamedan, Iran
2020 Nashriyyah-i dānishgāh-i ̒ulūm-i pizishkī-i Alburz  
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is considered as one of the most frequent chronic disease, which have numerous physical effects and a varity of manifestation in oral region but limited and contaversied research done in this field. Thus, this study was aimed to determine the comparison of oral manifestation frequency in diabetic patients and nondiabetic persons. Methods: In this cross-sectional Study, after obtaining consent form, 140 diabetic patients which refered to Hamedan diabetic research center
more » ... research center and 140 non-diabetic (control subjects), were evaluated. Oral lesions (White plaque, Erythematous lesions, white and red lesions, Median Rhamboid Glossitis, Geographic tongue, Xrestomia, angular cheilitis, Trush) were diagnosed besed on clinical creteria. Data regarding oral lesions were recorded and analyzed by Chi Squaire, Fischer and T-test. Results: Prevalence of oral lesions doesn't show significantl relation with sex and location. Xrestomia, white and red lesions and Geographic tongue were manifestaed significantly greater in DM patients. Only trush lesions had related with longer duration of diabete. (p=0.024) Conclusions: prevalence of oral lesions was significantly higher in diabetic patients than controlled group. Close collaboration between the patient and health care team to rapid diagnosis of oral lesions could lead to promotion of the patient's oral health and quality of life and also a decrese in the burden of disease. Abstract
doi:10.29252/aums.9.1.95 fatcat:mhoaktlqvbhlfhnz75q4x6p5sa