Screening and Identification of Key Biomarkers in Breast Cancer with Brain Metastasis: Evidence from Bioinformatic Analysis
Purpose. Breast cancer (BC) has a poor prognosis when brain metastases (BM) occur, and the treatment effect is limited. In this study, we aim to identify representative candidate biomarkers for clinical prognosis of patients with BM and explore the mechanisms underlying the progression of BC.Methods. Herein, we examined the Microarray datasets (GSE125989) obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database to find the target genes in BC patients with BM. We employed the GEO2R tool to filter the
... tool to filter the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that participate in primary BC and BC with BM. Subsequently, using the DAVID tool, we conducted an enrichment analysis with the screened DEGs based on the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway and Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation. The STRING database was employed to analyze the protein-protein interactions of the DEGs and visualized using Cytoscape software. Lastly, the Kaplan-Meier plotter database was employed to determine the prognostic potential of hub genes in BC.Results. We screened out 311 upregulated DEGs and 104 downregulated DEGs. The enrichment analyses revealed that all the DEGs were' enriched in the biological process of extracellular matrix organization, cell adhesion, proteolysis, collagen catabolic process and immune response. The significant enrichment pathways were focal adhesion, protein absorption and digestion, ECM-receptor interaction, PI3K-Akt signalling pathway, and Pathways in cancer. The top ten hub nodes screened out included FN1, VEGFA, COL1A1, MMP2, COL3A1, COL1A2, POSTN, DCN, BGN and LOX. The Kaplan-Meier plotter results showed that the three hub genes (FN1, VEGFA and DCN) are candidate biomarkers for clinical prognosis of patients with BM.Conclusion. we identified seven genes related to poor prognosis in BCBM. FN1, VEGFA and DCN can be considered as potential prognostic markers for BCBM. Meantime, COL1A1, POSTN, BGN and LOX may be linked to the distant transformation of BC.