Beam Based Alignment of SRF Cavities in an Electron Injector Linac
Proper alignment of accelerating cavities is an important issue concerning beam quality of accelerators. In particular SRF cavities of injector linacs using high accelerating gradients on low beta electron beams can affect the beam quality significantly when not aligned perfectly. On the other hand knowing the exact position of every cavity after several cool-down cycles of a cryomodule can be difficult depending on the cryomodule design. We will report on operational experience on the SC
... nce on the SC injector of the Darmstadt superconducting linac and ERL (S-DALINAC) showing unexpected effects on beam dynamics and beam quality. Operators could observe transverse beam deflections by changing accelerating phases of the injector SRF-cavities while a growth of tranverse emittance occurred at the same time. As beam currents in the S-DALINAC injector do never exceed 100 μA and the effects could even be observed at nA beam currents space-charge effects could be eliminated to be the reason for these observations. In this work we will report on the possibility to align SRF cavities after cooldown by measuring the transverse deflection of the beam and compare results with beam dynamics simulations.