Prevalence of Hypertension in School Going Children of Ajmer, Rajasthan
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
Early diagnosis of hypertension in childhood is an important strategy in its control and hypertension may begin in childhood, perhaps even in infancy. Material and Method: A Cross-sectional study was carried out over a period from January 2016 to October 2016 conducted among total 1498 school going children of Ajmer belonging to the age group of 8 to 18 years of both genders. Result: Overall 14.82% children had elevated blood pressure. Prevalence of hypertension was higher in children of upper
... children of upper ages (>11 years) as compare to children of lower ages (<12 years). The difference was statistically significant. Almost equal percentage of children had elevated blood pressure in either gender. Positive family history was more often present in pre-hypertensive and hypertensive children (70.11%, 76.19% respectively) as compared to normotensive children (56.92%). Conclusion: Awareness of hypertension was very low. Periodic measurements should be done in schools to identify the high risk group of children and adolescents who can develop hypertension.