Prevalence and Association of Criteria of Metabolic Syndrome in a Cohort of Diabetes Type 2 in Saint-Louis

Dia Diatou Gueye, Dia Amadou Diop, Diagne Nafissatou, M. Ngouamba Blaise, Ndao Awa Cheikh, Pouye Abdoulaye
2019 Open Journal of Internal Medicine  
The metabolic syndrome is characterized by an aggregate of metabolic disorders whose coexistence in the same individual can correspond on the one hand to a common pathophysiological mechanism and on the other hand to expose the subject to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is increasing rapidly in both developed and developing countries, but has been poorly described in sub-Saharan Africa. Most of them reported the components of the metabolic
more » ... s of the metabolic syndrome only in isolation. Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out on a cohort of 76 patients followed at the Sait-louis regional hospital used the definition criteria of the International Diabetes Federation. Results: The average age of our patients is 56.92 with extremes ranging from 32 to 80 years old. The sex ratio is 0.49. The average duration of diabetes progression is 68 months. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in this population is 67.1%. Abdominal obesity and high blood pressure are the most commonly found criteria. Abdominal obesity was the most associated component of MS in both sexes followed by high blood pressure. We found relatively weak data for dyslipidemia, especially hypertriglyceridemia. HypoHD is dyslipidemia more found in our cohort: in 45% of women and 21% of men. Conclusion: The management of the metabolic syndrome therefore requires fighting against all the factors that compose it, the first of which is the accumulation of visceral fat. Lifestyle modification is the first priority for these patients facing a society where the reduction of physical activity and the enrichment of the fat diet are becoming more and more important. How to cite this paper:
doi:10.4236/ojim.2019.93007 fatcat:f4jbrnmosbh37n3xnayf2ivxoa