The Etowah Mounds
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... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact email@example.com. we might hope to have it on the shelves of our libraries in six months, or a year at most, after it is taken. These remarks are made purely in the interest of science. Scientific investigation deals, first, with the elementary substances of which masses are composed, then with the forces which are at work to combine them into composite forms, and finally with the relations and principles which characterize and control organisms. Human society is an organism, for the right apprehension of which it is as essential to accumulate facts, and by means of comparison and analysis to deduce the laws which govern social phenomena, as it is to follow the same method of study in any other branch of science. The political and commercial bearings of the census we do not discuss; but it is evident that the census of the population and material resources of this country has for us a special significance, in view of our representative form of government and of the unprecedented growth of the American people. To these considerations may be added another; namely, that no other nation has such a heterogeneous population, and therefore such need of self-introspection, in order to comprehend its true capacity, limitations, and destiny. The political and financial needs of the country minister to science, and promote scientific research in this particular direction. All that scientific men insist upon is, that the investigation shall be in competent hands, and conducted according to the principles and methods which have done so much for science in general. A census bureau, wisely constituted, might, with respect to social science, occupy a relation, and perform a work, similar to that of the Smithsonian institution in the domain of the natural and physical sciences. HEAD WATERS OF THE ATNA OR COP-PER RIVER.' VERY little has been known of this river, which enters the Pacific in about latitude 60? north, longitude 145? west. Several prospectors were left there tomake explorations last year, and will be called for this summer. The Ah-tena or Atnah Tinneh Indians reside on its banks, and from its bed have been taken numerous pieces of native copper resembling that of the Lake Superior region. The Wrangell Volcano is situated near it, about a hundred miles from its mouth. In crossing the Chilkat portage from the head 1 Communicated by authority of the superintendent of the U. S. coast and geodetic survey.