First Principles Investigation of the Stability and the Chemical Behavior of Hydrogen in ThCoH4

Samir F. Matar
2011 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. B, A journal of chemical sciences  
We address the changes in the electronic structure brought by the insertion of hydrogen into ThCo leading to the experimentally observed ThCoH4. Full geometry optimization positions the hydrogen in three sites stabilized in the expanded intermetallic matrix. From a Bader charge analysis, hydrogen is found to be in a narrow iono-covalent (~−0.6) to covalent (~−0.3) bonding which should enable site-selective desorption. The overall chemical picture shows a positively charged Thδ+ with the
more » ... δ+ with the negative charge redistributed over a complex anion {CoH4}δ− with δ~1.8. Nevertheless this charge transfer remains far from the one in the more ionic hydridocobaltate anion CoH54− in Mg2CoH5, due to the largely electropositive character of Mg.
doi:10.1515/znb-2011-0308 fatcat:fxyeat5tmzfl3lujng6lsvdix4