Comparative study of the growth and carbon sequestration potential of Bermuda grass in industrial and urban areas

Usman Ali, Muhammad Azam Khan, Ishfaq Ahmad Hafiz, Khalid Saifullah Khan, Shahid Mahmood
2018 Soil & Environment  
Climate change is a global phenomenon occurring throughout the world. Greenhouse gases (GHGs) especially carbon dioxide (CO2) considered to be the major culprit to bring these changes. So, carbon (C) sequestration by any mean could be useful to reduce the CO2 level in atmosphere. Turf grasses have the ability to sequester C and minimize the effects of GHGs on the environment. In order to study that how turf grasses can help in C sequestration, Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) was grown both at
more » ... was grown both at industrial and urban location and its effect on C storage were assessed by soil and plant analysis. Dry deposition of ammonium and nitrate was maximum at both locations through the year. However wet deposition was highest during the months of high rainfall. It was examined through soil analysis that soil organic matter, soil C and nitrogen in both locations increased after second mowing of grass. However, soil pH 6.68 in urban and 7.00 in industrial area and EC 1.86 dS/m in urban and 1.90 dS/m in industrial area decreased as the grass growth continue. Soil fresh weight (27.6 g) in urban and (27.28 g) industrial area also decreased after first and second mowing of grass. The C levels in plant dry biomass also increased which showed improved ability of plant to uptake C from the soil and store it. Similarly, chlorophyll contents were more in industrial area compared to urban area indicates the positive impact of high C concentration. Whereas stomatal conductance was reduced in high C environment to slow down respiration process. Hence, from present study it can be concluded that the Bermuda grass could be grown in areas with high C concentration in atmosphere for sequestrating C in soil.
doi:10.25252/se/18/51380 fatcat:z23dsri2fzg6zlpwz765rt2woy