SpeX SPECTROSCOPY OF UNRESOLVED VERY LOW MASS BINARIES. II. IDENTIFICATION OF 14 CANDIDATE BINARIES WITH LATE-M/EARLY-L AND T DWARF COMPONENTS

Daniella C. Bardalez Gagliuffi, Adam J. Burgasser, Christopher R. Gelino, Dagny L. Looper, Christine P. Nicholls, Sarah J. Schmidt, Kelle Cruz, Andrew A. West, John E. Gizis, Stanimir Metchev
2014 Astrophysical Journal  
Multiplicity is a key statistic for understanding the formation of very low mass (VLM) stars and brown dwarfs. Currently, the separation distribution of VLM binaries remains poorly constrained at small separations ($\leq$ 1 AU), leading to uncertainty in the overall binary fraction. We approach this problem by searching for late-M/early-L plus T dwarf spectral binaries whose combined light spectra exhibit distinct peculiarities, allowing for separation-independent identification. We define a
more » ... ion. We define a set of spectral indices designed to identify these systems, and use a spectral template fitting method to confirm and characterize spectral binary (SB) candidates from a library of 815 spectra from the SpeX Prism Spectral Libraries. We present eleven new binary candidates, confirm three previously reported candidates and rule out two previously identified candidates, all with primary and secondary spectral types between M7-L7 and T1-T8, respectively. We find that subdwarfs and blue L dwarfs are the primary contaminants in our sample and propose a method for segregating these sources. If confirmed by follow-up observations, these systems may add to the growing list of tight separation binaries, whose orbital properties may yield further insight into brown dwarf formation scenarios.
doi:10.1088/0004-637x/794/2/143 fatcat:iphst7zabjhchomeuf7kc4dkua