Issue:2 Citation: Seema Charde et al. Ijppr
The present investigation was undertaken to assess the nutrient intake of pre and postmenopausal obese women of a metropolitan city. About 279 obese women, comprising of 141 pre-menopausal and 138 post-menopausal women of age group between 35-to 60 years, were selected from Gokuldham Medical Center, Goenka And Associates Medical And Research Centre, Goregaon, (East), and Mumbai through judgmental sampling. A structured questionnaire was formulated to assess the demographic profile and
... ofile and anthropometric measurements. Twenty-four hour recall method was followed for diet survey. Results of the study showed that the mean age of premenopausal women was 41.18 ± 3.83 years and postmenopausal women was 54.72 ± 3.58 years. The mean monthly income of premenopausal and postmenopausal women was Rs 22.81 ± 0.60 lakhs and Rs 29.33 ± 0.62 lakhs respectively. The mean Body Mass Index of premenopausal women was 31.36 ± 4.15 kg/m 2 and of postmenopausal was 31.98 ± 3.90 kg/m 2. The percent adequacy of calories and proteins were 122 to 125% higher than the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) whereas the fat adequacy was about 300% above the RDA. The percent adequacy for vitamin, calcium and iron intake ranged between 59.8 % to 99.56 %. The macronutrient intake viz., carbohydrates (p= 0.929), protein (p= 0.323), fat intake (p= 0.652) of pre and postmenopausal women did not show any significant difference. Similarly, the Saturated fats (p = 0.549), MUFA (p = 0.265) and PUFA (p = 0.236) did not show any significant difference between the intake of pre and postmenopausal women. However, calcium, iron and vitamin C intake showed significantly higher intakes among the postmenopausal women (p=0.000).