The Rights of Intersex Persons to Establish a Family under Albanian Law. Practice of the ECHR

Dr.Sc. Jorida Xhafaj
2015 ILIRIA International Review  
identity is the way in which a person is self-identified with a gender category, as for example to be female or male, or in some cases intersex, which is none of the distinguishable biological sexes. In principal, intersex persons are part of the society with their rights and obligations, which are not the same with those of the other members of society, in special areas of life.This paper aims to treat the right of intersex persons to marriage and to establish a family. The paper begins with
more » ... paper begins with an overview of definition of intersex persons, their rights, and focuses primarily on the right to establish a family.The right for a family life has found protection in the Albanian national legislation. The Constitution of theRepublicofAlbaniaof 1998 in its Article 53 stipulates that "everyone has the right to marry and have a family" establishing the principle of equality before the law, closely linked to the principle of non-discrimination. The legal provisions set a controversial position on the right to get married and to establish family relationships of the intersex persons, which is based on different arguments.For the purposes of the research, we aim also to compare the national legislation with the European principles and practice of the European Court of Human Rights (hereinafter referred as ECHR). The paper also includes the opinions and recommendations of Albanian institutions, as well as those of foreign ones, mainly European, in the area of human rights protection, and especially regarding the rights of the intersex persons.
doi:10.21113/iir.v5i2.85 fatcat:ewkh6o2nffch3oibh2axtdrw4q