Physico-Chemical Analysis of Mango Juice Factory Efϑluent (MJFE) and its phytotoxic effects of Gingelly (Sesamum indicum L.)
International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
The use of bottled fruit beverages has increased enormously. The increased consumption increases the public and sewerage industries. It also leads to various sewerage industries problems. The juice factories use large quantities of water which in turn produces large amounts of wastewater that is called 'effluent'. This effluent contains a large amount of chemicals and organisms from fruits, sugars and additives like colours. The classical juice factory generates 10 litres of 'effluent' per
... 'effluent' per litre of juice. Anextensive range of mangoes are used to make juice; the large quantity of effluent is discharged into nearby water bodies or open agricultural land. The researchers are working on the solution to avoid this. One of the researches we tried to solve the problem of using dilution methods was a physicochemical analysis of mango juice effluent and its phytotoxic effects on gingelly. The laboratory experiment was carried outon the phytotoxic effects of mango juice factory effluent (MJFE)on the growth of Gingelly (Sesamum indicum L.). The different concentrations of effluent(Control, 5, 25, 50, 75and 100%) were prepared, after the seeds sowing the mud pots the treatments were given, the germination percentage(G.P.), vigour index (VI), tolerance index (T.I.), phytotoxicity (P) were recorded in 7thDAS. The growth parameters such as shoot length (S.L.), root length (R.L.), number of leaves (N.L.), total leaf area (TLA), fresh weight (F.W.) and dry weight (D.W.) were inspected on 30th DAS of seedlings.The results were exposed after germination characters, and morphological parameters increased (up to5%) effluent concentration and after that declined in higher (above 25%) concentration of MJFE. Because the effluent is toxic, it contains large quantities of organic and inorganic chemicals and high intensity of BOD, COD and others.