DEVELOPMENT OF LAND MOISTURE ESTIMATION MODEL USING MODIS INFRARED, THERMAL, AND EVI TO DETECT DROUGHT AT PADDY FIELD

Dede Dirgahayu Domiri
2014 International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES)  
The drought phenomena often occurs in summer season at paddy field of Java island. The drought phenomena causes decrease in rice production. This research was aimed to develop a model of land moisture (LM) estimation at agricultural field, especially for paddy field based on Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite data which has seven reflectance and two thermal bands. The method used in this study included data correction, advance processing of MODIS data (land indices
more » ... data (land indices transformation), extraction of land indices value at location of field survey, and regression analysis to make the best model of land moisture estimation. The result showed that reflectance of 2nd channel (NIR) and rasio of Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) with Land Surface Temperature (LST) had high correlation with surface soil moisture (% weight) at 0 – 20 cm depth with formula: LM = 15.9*EVI/LST – 0.934*R2 – 16.8 (SE=9.6%; R2 =76.2%). Based on the model, land moisture was derived spatially at the agricultural field, especially at paddy field to detect andmonitor drought events. Information of land moisture can be used as an indicator to detect drought condition and early growing season of paddy crop
doi:10.30536/j.ijreses.2013.v10.a1842 fatcat:azzg2nscbvdo7d4rsy3neyzoqq