Indirect Relationship among Leadership Styles, Self-Efficacy and Academic Employees' Performance in Malaysian Online Distance Learning Higher Education Institutions

Zahir Osman
2020 International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences  
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the indirect relationship of self-efficacy, leadership styles and academic employees' performance in Malaysian online distance learning (ODL) higher education institutions. This study was conducted on 206 respondents of academic employees in ODL higher education institutions in Malaysia. The model was developed and later was tested and analyzed by using Partial Least Square (PLS) procedure. Findings from this study has revealed that self-efficacy has a
more » ... lf-efficacy has a positive and significant influence on the relationship between leadership styles and academic employees' performance in Malaysian online distance learning (ODL) higher education institutions. The findings suggested that it is very important for the leaders in ODL higher education institutions to adopt suitable leadership styles and promote self-efficacy to ensure their academic employees' performance can be elevated to greater heights to ensure the sustainability of their organizations. Smartpls 2.0 and SPSS 18.0 were employed for this study to test the hypothesis and analyze respondents' profile respectively
doi:10.6007/ijarbss/v10-i8/7717 fatcat:gmzhnhv4lzhopaj37hsxsd747e