Predictors of clinical course of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis: experience at the Children's Hospital, Lahore

Muhammad Akbar Malik, Muhammad Saeed, Ahmad Usaid Qureshi, Naseer Ahmed, Muhammad Akram
2010 Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons  
To determine the clinical course of Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE) and different factors affecting the clinical course. Descriptive study. The Children's Hospital, Lahore, from October 2005 to May 2008. All serologically confirmed patients of SSPE were registered and clinical staging of these patients were done from stage-I to stage-IV. Clinical course of these patients was classified by using neurological disability index as fulminant, acute, subacute, and chronic course. Clinical
more » ... c course. Clinical course was analyzed for any difference with age, gender, immunization for measles, measles infection, nutritional status and correlation with age of onset of SSPE, (Spearman's correlation), using statistic package for social science (SPSS) V. 14. A total of 57 cases (41 males, 16 females) with mean age of 7.45 years were studied. Forty (71.4%) of them were vaccinated with single dose at about 9 months of age, 41% (23/57) had measles infections ≤ 2 years of age. Using the Neurology Disability Index for these patients 10.5% had fulminant, 17.5% had acute, 49.2% subacute and 22.8% had chronic course. Age, gender, age at measles infection, SSPE onset age and nutritional status were poor predictors of clinical course of SSPE. Unvaccinated patients showed significantly more rapid course of disease (p = 0.04). Clinical course of SSPE cannot be predicted at the onset of this catastrophic disorder. Children not immunized against measles had a significant rapid course of disease.
doi:10.2010/jcpsp.671674 pmid:20943110 fatcat:vxmglm5vt5djpgevsdogirrpnu