Tensile properties and drawability of thin bimetallic aluminum-scandium-zirconium / stainless steel foils and monometallic Al-Sc-Zr fabricated by magnetron sputtering
MATEC Web of Conferences
Al-Sc-Zr alloys are interesting for the production of high strength micro components by micro deep drawing. These alloys show a good hardenability due to the formation of nanometer-scale spheroidal Al3(Sc, Zr) precipitates, which are highly coherent with the aluminum matrix. However, the formation of these precipitates in Al-Sc-Zr foils fabricated by conventional metallurgical methods dramatically reduces their ductility and drawability. In this work, magnetron sputtering was used to produce
... used to produce Al-Sc-Zr foils and Al-Sc-Zr / stainless steel bimetallic foils which are nearly free of these precipitates. Tensile tests were carried out to measure and compare the mechanical properties of monometallic Al-Sc-Zr foils and bimetallic Al-Sc-Zr / stainless steel foils deposited with varying plasma target powers and containing different volume fractions (layer thickness) of Al-Sc-Zr. Micro deep drawing was used to determine the drawability of selected monometallic and bimetallic foils. The results show that the density of monometallic Al-Sc-Zr foils can be improved significantly by increasing the DC target power and by using the high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) technology, resulting in foils with higher ductility. Bimetallic foils achieved higher strength and ductility than monometallic Al-Sc-Zr foils. Their mechanical properties vary with the target power and the volume fraction (thickness) of Al-Sc-Zr. The limit drawing ratio of HiPIMS deposited monometallic foil was 1.7 or 1.8 depending on the side of the foil facing the die, whereas a limit drawing ratio of 1.9 was observed for bimetallic foils.