Tin Oxide Nanoparticles Produced by Spark Ablation: Synthesis and Gas Sensing Properties

Alexey Efimov, Ivan Volkov, Andrey Varfolomeev, Alexey Vasiliev, Victor Ivanov
2016 Oriental Journal of Chemistry  
The synthesis parameters and results of investigation of gas sensing properties of tin oxide nanoparticles produced by spark ablation are presented. The nanoparticles have sizes below 30 nm and their specific surface area is about 40 m 2 /g. In order to study the gas sensing properties, a special structure comprising heater, barrier layers and contact pads was utilized. The resistance of the sensor fabricated on the basis of this structure was measured at different concentrations of hydrogen in
more » ... ions of hydrogen in the air (100-500 ppm) and different values of relative humidity (30-80%). At working temperature of 450°C, 100 ppm of hydrogen triggers more than 8-times decrease in the sensor resistance within the time interval of about 1 s. At the same time, the humidity variation does not have pronounced effect on the sensor resistance: less than 30% in the humidity range studied.
doi:10.13005/ojc/320609 fatcat:wilgb5s5zjghxfi46joy25pkoy